Art therapy is the therapeutic use of art making, within a professional relationship, by people who experience illness, trauma, or challenges in living, and by people who seek personal development. Through creating art and reflecting on the art products and processes, people can increase awareness of self and others; cope with symptoms, stress, and traumatic experiences; enhance cognitive abilities; enjoy the life-affirming pleasures of making art.
Art therapists are professionals trained in both art and therapy. They are knowledgeable about human development, psychological theories, clinical practice, spiritual, multicultural and artistic traditions, and the healing potential of art. They use art in treatment, assessment and research, and provide consultations to allied professionals. Art therapists work with people of all ages: individuals, couples, families, groups and communities.
Music therapy is the prescribed use of music by a qualified person to effect positive changes in the psychological, physical, cognitive, or social functioning of individuals with health or educational problems.
Music therapists assess emotional well-being, physical health, social functioning, communication abilities, and cognitive skills through musical responses; design music sessions for individuals and groups based on client needs using music improvisation, receptive music listening, song writing, lyric discussion, music and imagery, music performance, and learning through music; participate in interdisciplinary treatment planning, ongoing evaluation, and follow up.
Art and music therapy services
Group art and music therapy services are provided on several units in the Main Hospital and The Children's Seashore House. Individual therapy sessions are provided on a referral basis. For more information about these services, please contact Child Life by phone or online.
Goals of art and music therapy
For hospitalized children and adolescents:
- Encourage the self-expression of thoughts and feelings related with illness/hospitalization
- Help children process and work through traumatic experiences associated with hospitalization
- Facilitate positive self-esteem and positive body image
- Promote a sense of independence and feelings of control
- Provide peer interaction and a sense of community within the hospital environment
- Encourage the development of healthy strategies for coping with hospitalization
For children and adolescents living with chronic pain or chronic illness:
- Encourage the self-expression of thoughts and feelings related with chronic pain/illness
- Facilitate children/adolescents' understanding of how chronic pain/illness affects their lives
- Understand how situations may increase pain perception and/or stress
- Learn effective techniques to promote self-management of chronic pain
- Learn effective techniques to self-manage stress and anxiety related to chronic illness
- Facilitate the process of acceptance for children struggling with a chronic condition
For children with newly acquired physical limitations:
- Facilitate adaptation to physical limitations
- Promote problem-solving skills
- Facilitate hand-eye coordination and gross motor skills
- Encourage non-verbal communication skills
For children recovering from brain injury:
- Raise awareness and orientation to things such as time, date and place
- Increase attention-span and decrease frustration level
- Follow step-by-step directions more easily
- Organize thoughts to make independent decisions
- Facilitate the process of representing thoughts symbolically
- Encourage the process of cause and effect problem solving